TRAGOS GOAT FARM : We have come a long way!

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The origins of “TRAGOS GOAT FARM” dates back to 2008 in Izmir-Turkey with the efforts to breed high yielding, Middle East adapted Turkish Saanen Goats that are free of diseases. 

One of the distinguishing features of TRAGOS GOAT FARM is that the maintenance and breeding of goats are operated on two separate campuses with the does and the kids residing at two distinct locations in order to provide specialization and the best care to our animals.

TRAGOS GOAT FARM-Seferihisar” with its 1500 goats that produce an average of 1000 liters per lactation is positioned adjacent to the dairy facilities of Baltali Gida and focuses on the production of natural goat milk.

TRAGOS GOAT FARM-Kemalpasa grows the Middle East adapted Turkish Saanen female and male kids that meet high quality breeding qualities, from birth up to 7 months of age; and offer them for sale. Tragos Farm thus shortens the breeding process for those who are new to dairy goat farming or for farmers who want to renew their herd that would otherwise take years and also would be very costly.

TRAGOS FARM SEFERIHISAR-Izmir TURKEY TRAGOS FARM KEMALPASA-Izmir TURKEY
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Source: Tragos Goat Farm and our own goats  

TRAGOS GOAT FARM: High Yielding Dairy Goat Breeding Process

In capturing the swift transition of an enterprise from a new establishment to rapid profitability, the quality of the goats that make up the starting herd is the deciding factor. DSC_1546

Creating a high-yielding goat breed that is adapted to farming environment requires conscious long-term effort and work on many parameters simultaneously.

These parameters include those that directly affect profitability such as milk yield, lactation time, nutritious content of the milk, resistance to diseases, and the creation of the immune mechanism of the herd. There are those parameters that have rather indirect effects like the body condition score, birth weight, multiple births, breast shape and structure, susceptibility to artificial insemination, and adaptation to environmental-climate conditions.

TRAGOS FARM is an important goat breeder in Turkey. In this long and crucial process of breeding, we as the partners of TRAGOS FARM keep full records of the animals in our possession, make maximum contribution to the breeding process by evaluating the physical and structural characteristics of our herd according to all parameters and by means of an appropriate breeding program.   Thanks to our quarterly sales periods in a year, both the farms that want to replace their herds with high yielding dairy goats and those start-up farms are shortening a very important breeding process that would otherwise have lasted for long years.

TRAGOS GOAT FARM: Breeding Program

Tragos Goat Farm paired French purebred Saanen buck semen, Dutch, and Australian purebred Saanen bucks with domestic high yielding dairy goats; and gradually produced “Turkish Saanen Goats” that conform to Turkish and Middle Eastern conditions and which are registered by the Turkish state as “disease-free”.

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The breeding activities carried out in our farm since 2008; began with the identification of a core group from the first herd according to benchmarks such as body structure and height-weight balance.  A group of purebred Saanen goats that were selected and imported from Dutchland were added to the core herd over time to improve breeding process.

Despite the fact that the first group reached sexual maturity earlier, they were mated  at 18 months for the first time, while the ages for the second and third births were reduced to 15th and 10th months of age.

Thus, the core group was able to complete their own development as “mothers” which in turn guarantees the select goats to have higher fertility rates as well as high body structures and high milk yields.

In this way multiple birth rates of twins and triplets increased while the kids’ birth weights averaging to a large size of around 3.5 kg eneables a b start to life that affects a dairy goat’s yield level throughout its life.

As a result, for the core herd, the productivity potentials of both the mothers and the kids were captured. This positively affects both the life of the goats, the life span of the yield, and their genetic transmission.

The production program that the TRAGOS GOAT FARM sets as the rule requires first time breeding through hand mating of does with purebred Saanen bucks.  For the second and subsequent pregnancies, a selected group is conceived through artificial insemination while the remaining does are again hand-mated with purebred Saanen bucks.



IDEAL SAANEN GOAT MIDDLE EAST ADAPTED TURKISH SAANEN GOAT AT TRAGOS GOAT FARM-2016
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Source: ADGA (left column), Tragos Goat Farm-2016 (right column)


Artificial insemination for a limited number of does each year is crucial in transferrinhg high-yielding gene resources rapidly to the rest of the herd.  In addition, it secures high fertility, preventing infectious diseases.

However, in order to achieve long-term success, attention should be paid to the quality of the semen used, the suitability of the selected buck to the female goat stock in your hand, prior performance of the selected buck semen,  the change of blood every year and of course the experience of the practitioner.

The recording of such information, careful surveillance, and the correct evaluation of the born kids in the light of these records, of course, make a significant contribution to the breeding process and shorten the process of reaching the target.


  TRAGOS GOAT FARM Artifical Insemination Pregnancy Rate TRAGOS GOAT FARM Kidding Rate
2010 30% 1.90
2011 63% 1.96
2012 71% 2.10
2013 88% 2.56
2014 91% 2.60
2015 94% 2.70
2016 95% 2.90
Source: Tragos Goat Farm; the unification of Kaprana Goat Farm, Baltali Goat Farm, Sarsar Goat Farm

We Love the Miraculous Goat Milk!

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On a worldwide basis, more people drink the milk of goats than any other single animal. Goat milk is used for drinking, cooking and baking; used to make cheese, butter, ice cream, yogurt, soap and other body products.  Goat milk requires the same careful attention to cleanliness, good dairy hygiene and cooling as any other milk.

Goat milk is whiter than whole cow milk. The three fatty acids which give goat products their distinctive flavor are capric, caprylic and caproic.

Due to its small fat globules and soft small curd, products made with goat milk are smooth and cream-like. Goat milk is also naturally emulsified.

Goat milk with its different protein and fat structures compared to cow milk is naturally homogenized.  Thus from a human health standpoint, goat milk is much better than the mechanically homogenized cow milk product, as the goat milk is easier to digest making its consumption more nutritious. 

Goat milk especially becomes a necessity for the health of babies and small children who suffer from cow milk allergies.  The increased digestibility of protein is of importance to infant diets (both human and animal), as well as to invalid and convalescent diets. Furthermore, glycerol ethers are much higher in goat than in cow milk which appears to be important for the nutrition of the nursing newborn. With its similarities to breastmilk and the fact that goat milk has made it to doctors’ prescriptions amidst ever increasing lactose allergies in babies; demand for goat milk is on an escalating trend.

Goat milk’s very special structure coordinates vital biological functions in such a way that it acts as an antioxidant, and its routine consumption lowers the diagnosis risk of a number of chronic and degenerative maladies like Type-2 diabetes, hypertension, obesity, car diovascular diseases in mature ages.  Goat milk tends to have a better buffering quality, which is good for the treatment of ulcers.

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Goat milk’s each and every physiologic and biologic component has a different structure; yet miraculously, all these components unite in a unique way magnifying others’ positive effects on human health.

The Greek gods being nourished on goat milk is of course no surprise after all!

For more information on the miraculous goat milk please refer to:  http://www.baltali.com.tr/neden-keci-sutu/


Milk Values*
Human Cow Goat
Energy (kcal/100 ml) 68.00 69.00 70.00
Lactose (%) 7.30 4.70 4.10
Protein (%) 1.10 3.50 3.20
Fat (%) 4.00 3.60 3.80
Cholesterol (mg/100 ml) 20.00 15.00 12.00
Ash content (%) 0.20 0.70 0.80
Calcium (%) 0.04 0.18 0.19
Phosphorus (%) 0.06 0.23 0.27
Iron (%) 0.20 0.06 0.07
Vitamin A (IU/g fat) 32.00 21.00 39.00
Vitamin D (IU/g fat) 0.30 0.70 0.70
Vitamin C (mg/100 ml) 3.00 2.00 2.00
Thiamin (μg/100 ml) 17.00 45.00 68.00
Riboflavin (μg/100 ml) 26.00 159.00 210.00
* kcal/100 ml is a unit of energy. 1 kcal = 1.000 calories; IU = international unit, let the power of vitamins; μg = micrograms, 1/1000 milligrams
Source: American Dairy Goat Association, Tragos Goat Farm